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Gin-For's Odditiques

(Ginny and Forrest Poston's Oddities and Antiques)

West and East German Pottery Marks and Identification

This page is undergoing massive revision. Updates should be happening several times a day until finished. Sorry for the shortcomings in the meantime, but I think you'll find it worthwhile.

Tips and Tricks for Identifying and Dating East and West German Pottery.

The East, West German pottery era was unlike anything seen before or since, switching from the literal explosions of World War II to the explosion of creativity compensating for decades of artistic repression and responding to anger and despair with color and whimsy. The politicians may try to tear us apart, but the artists bring us together and hold us together. Aesthetics heal almost as well as a cat's purr. Never let the politicians take it away.

At Gin-For's Odditiques, we specialize in above average, harder to find East and West German pottery from companies such as Bay Keramik, Carstens, Ceramano, Dümler & Breiden, ES Keramik, Fohr, Gramann Römhild, Marzi & Remy, Otto Keramik, Ruscha, Scheurich, Silberdistel, Ü-Keramik and many others. We also try to have a clue what we're talking about. We can tell Carstens from Scheurich, and we know a hawk from a handsaw no matter which way the wind is blowing.

Remember that there are few absolutes with E. and W. German pottery, which is why these are only tips and tricks. Just how companies marked the items, what clay they used, lettering style, numbering systems all varied at times. This is only a small sample of the companies and only a few of the bases they used. The full variety is overwhelming.

Click any thumbnail to see a larger picture and read the text.

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Bay Keramik, base photo, West German Pottery Bay Keramik, mark photo Bay Keramik: Started by Eduard Bay in 1933; note that it's not correct that Bay stopped art pottery production in 1971; some art production continued into the 1980s, including some striking works....and some not so striking. Bay's best known designer was Bodo Mans, and it's common for many items to be attributed to him just because the name is known, but be sure those attributions are documented, not simply assumed. Bay was one of the largest producers and made some very good designs. They also made some rare specialty glazes that are utterly fantastic. However, they also produced a huge amount of kitsch, tourist ware and designs of questionable aesthetic value.

See our Bay Keramik for sale.

Buckeburg, mark photoBückeburg:

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Carstens, base photo, West German Pottery Carstens, mark photo Carstens by Braemore, mark photo Carstens: The Carstens Tönnieshof factory started in the 1950s and focused on a high quality product. Production numbers were fairly high, but there were special lines and glazes done in much smaller numbers. Most items have red-brown clay, but some made in Austria or Australia used a different clay.

See our Carstens for sale.

Ceramano, base photo, West German Pottery Ceramano, mark photo Ceramano, mark photo Ceramano: (1959-84) Ceramano was started by Jakob Schwaderlapp, who also ran Jasba, to be a higher-end company, more like a studio than most commercial art potteries. Quality was high and production numbers relatively low. While the production from most commercial potteries is all moulded (although often with hand work in the decoration), Ceramano did both molded and hand-made pots. Designers included Gerda Heuckenroth and Hanns Welling. Top decors include Pergamon, Rustica, and Rubin plus rarities such as Saturn. Many of the more subtle glazes remain under-rated. Clay color ranges from light brown to very dark brown.

See our Ceramano for sale.

Dumler & Breiden, base photo, West German Pottery Dumler & Breiden, mark photo Dumler & Breiden, mark photo Dumler & Breiden, mark photo Dümler & Breiden: (1883-1992) D&B was one of the many companies in the Höhr-Grenzhausen region, and they produced an enormous range of styles over the years, from very traditional to strong Pop Art.

See our Dümler & Breiden for sale.

Eiwa, mark photo Eiwa:

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ES Keramik: (Emons & Sohne, 1921-1974) Quality of forms and decorations covered a broad range, but the good items are very good; one of the best is pitcher form 683, later released with shape number 883. As more items are properly attributed to ES, their status continues to rise. ES Keramik, mark photo

ES Keramik:

See our ES Keramik for sale.

Fohr, mark photoFohr:

See our Fohr items for sale.

Graflich, mark photoGräflich: Graflich items are not as well known or as numerous as some of the best known companies, but they made some lovely jewel tone glazes and an interesting volcanic variant where the volcanic glaze is the underglaze, bubbling through in patches.

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Gramann, mark photo Gramann, mark photo Gramann, mark photo Gramann, mark photo Gramann (Topferei Römhild): Gramann, also known as Töpferei Römhild was an East German company. Most works are hand made and feature some of the earliest volcanic glazes for the era.

See our Gramann for Sale

Grootenburg, mark photoGrootenburg (Paul Dresler):

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Haldensleben:

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Hutschenreuther, mark photo Hutschenreuther, mark photoHutschenreuther:

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Ilkra, base photoIlkra:

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Jasba, mark photo Jasba, mark photo Jasba, mark photoJasba: (1926-current) Started by Jakob Schwaderlapp and located in Baumbach. Well-known early decors include Cortina and Jaspatina, but the company produced a wide variety of styles, especially in the 60s. Economics forced them to stop significant art pottery production in the early 70s and survive on more utilitarian items. They also produced their share of tourist and kitsch items during their art pottery years. The name comes from Ja (Jakob), S (Schwaderlapp), and Ba (Baumbach).

See our Jasba items for sale.

Jopeko, base photoJopeko:

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Kaiser, mark photoKaiser (Alka Kunst):

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Karlsruhe, mark photoKarlsruhe:

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Kerafina, mark photoKerafina (Royal Porzellan):

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Kiechle, mark photoKiechle: Kiechle items include extensive hand work and are among the highest quality in this "engobe" style. Not surprisingly, they are also hard to find with vases generally harder to find than plaques and plates. (Keto items are often similar but generally a step down in quality, but there are definitely exceptions as Keto did some very striking designs.)

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Kiechle, mark photo klinker: "Klinker" items are made from a particular clay, one that is typically used for a type of brick called klinkers. When fired, the clay becomes water resistant even without a glaze. Klinker items are often hand made and hand decoration. Decoration usually involves staining rather than glazing with part of the design created by cutting through to reveal the clay, but keep in mind that not all red or red-orange clays are "klinker". At one time, only a few klinker companies were documented, but many more are now known. Quite a few did only klinker items, but Dümler & Breiden and Ü-Keramik are among the major art pottery producers who branched out to do some klinker items as well. Other major klinker producers include AKRU, Eckhart & Engler, Eiwa, Gerz, Ilkra, J-D Keramik, Kule, Sawa, Siershahn, and Ernst Speier (SP, Hillscheid)

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Marei, base photo Marei: At one time, Marei was thought to be a fairly small company that peaked in the 1950s. However, better research revealed that they were a major company that did some of the best work of the 1960s and 70s. Be aware that many Marei items are still incorrectly attributed to Roth (and that company is a much smaller factor than once believed).

Page Three of W/E items for sale

Marzi & Remy, mark photo Marzi & Remy, mark photo Marzi & Remy: Marzi & Remy items cover a full range from traditional to "mid-century", including steins (for which they remain better known than their art pottery). Clay color ranges from white to red/brown. M&R is so variable that it can be one of the most difficult to attribute when not marked.

See our Marzi & Remy items for sale.

Otto Keramik, base photo Otto Keramik, base photoOtto Keramik: (1964-current) Otto Gerharz was a glaze genius not yet fully appreciated. His volcanic glazes are getting a lot of attention, but many of the non-volcanic glazes have great sutlety and complexity as well as often being more uncommon. Kurt Tschörner may have done some of the shape designs, but I have not seen documentation on that. Operation of the company was taken over by Otto Gerharz Jr., and the company remains in business. In addition to new forms and glazes, they have also released contemporary versions of some older glazes, generally less refined than the originals, and they have been reproducing the Ruscha bull and some other early shapes for several years. The later versions can usually be distinguished by the glaze.

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Roth, base photoRoth:

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Ruscha, mark photo Ruscha, base photo Ruscha: (1948-1996, name now owned by Scheurich) Most of the best designers worked at Ruscha at one time or another, including Kurt Tschörner, Otto Gerharz, Hanns Welling, and Adele Bölz. They were among the top producers for both vases and wall items, although they did produce some mediocre work as well, particularly some of the later wall plaques.

See our Ruscha items for sale.

Schaeffenacker plaque, mark photoSchaeffenacker:

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Scheurich, base photo Scheurich, base photo Scheurich: (1954-current) Although the started late, Scheurich produced more items from the 1960s through the 1980s than any of the other art pottery companies. As usual, high production numbers means a wide range of quality and quality control, but some items, especially glazes are major achievements. Note: the embossed three circle mark was used 1990-2004, so such items are not from the most collectible era. Scheurich used white/buff clay, but the foot is sometimes stained slightly by the glaze, making it look light red/brown.

See our Scheurich items for sale.

Scheurich, base photo Scheurich, base photo Schlossberg: (1946-1975) These items are generally higher quality and harder to find, often difficult to attribute.

See our Schlossberg items for sale.

Silberdistel:

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Stein:

See our Stein items for sale.

Steuler:

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Strehla:

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Ü-Keramik (Übelacker):

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Uhlemeyer, Richard:

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van Daalen:

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Waechtersbach:

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